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Beneath the Totem Pole: Tlingit Culture in Alaska

Tlingit Totem Pole in Alaska

Tlingit Culture in Alaska

It’s a narrow wooden bridge, so when a girl runs past, the reverberations affect us all. She’s a teenager, or maybe older, in classic blue jeans and US sneakers, with flowing blonde hair. A few minutes later I see her again, wrapped in a traditional Tlingit cloak and chanting with her ancestors.

We’ve crossed the bridge to the space outside Chief Shakes’ House, some 1000 miles north of Seattle. Totem poles teeter above our heads and the women close their eyes as they sing. In the fresh, wet grass, the girl’s sneakers peek out from beneath her robe.

That’s the paradox here in Wrangell: all-American freshness trying to revive a damaged past.

Tlingit Performance inside Chief Shakes' House“When they took our language,” says a woman with hair the colour of the clouds on the harbour, “they took more than that. They took our history and they took our stories.”

She’s talking about the successive colonial powers who arrived here and who, through religion, industry, deliberate oppression or imported disease, decimated the Tlingit culture that had survived 5000 years. For once, with my British passport I’m not made to feel like the bad guy. Well, not entirely.

Wrangell, Alaska

The Russians arrived first in 1811 and set up an energetic fur trade. Then came the British, in the form of the Hudson’s Bay Company, before the US bought the land from them in 1867. Uncle Sam set up a military post here that somehow attracted a flurry of gold rushes with dance halls, bars and other, ahem, adventures, to suit.

Dolly's House - a brothel in Ketchikan, AlaskaA painted wooden street in the large port of Ketchikan relives the “good old days,” where candy-pink signs still advertise brothels and the hidden paths towards them still have street signs that read “Married Man’s Lane.”

Here in Wrangell, though, it’s all white Presbyterian churches and totem poles. Boats unload salmon in the harbour and a lone truck swings through wide streets flanked with sidewalks. People use “Liquor Stores” instead of off-licenses, and mail boxes perch on stilts instead of being letterboxes on doors.

It’s like walking through a living slideshow of my childhood, when I watched American kids cycle through suburbia in E.T. and studied Red Indians at school. Back in my time of innocence, before the term “Red Indian” developed racist undertones.

As a child, I read about totem poles and I practised sewing beads onto tribal capes. To stand here now, with my fingertips on sweet, soft cedarwood, thousands of miles from England, is a quietly thrilling experience. Inside the replica Chief Shakes’ building, the light levels are low, the glow from the canoe intense.

I run my hand along the imperfections in the wood.

It’s easy to get swept away by the romance of history, whichever way you look at it, when facing a culture that almost disappeared. What they didn’t teach me at school, and what is uncomfortable to point out, is that the Tlingit people also fought territorial wars, forbade democracy and encouraged ritual slavery. Seventeenth century Tlingit life would have been cold, harsh and cruel – a lifestyle that most 21st century Americans would never choose to live.

Overall, it’s a difficult dance: reviving a culture, recognising oppression and judging how best to pay for the past.

I’m lucky. I know that I’ll get to speak to Tlingit Elders and others championing the cause about what they hope to achieve in the future and how we should weigh up the past.

Yet perhaps the next generation has already decided the future –  in the shape of white sneakers beneath a ceremonial gown.

Stars and Stripes US Flag in Alaska

The Tlingit Culture – To be continued…Disclosure: I visited Chief Shakes’ House as a guest of InnerSea Discoveries and American Safari Cruises.

Read more about Alaska

Whale Watching in Alaska

Flightseeing in Alaska

Kayaking in Alaska

Icebergs in Alaska

Aurora Borealis – Seeing the Northern Lights in Alaska

Gold Dust & Magic Mud – A Glacier Tour in Alaska

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6 Responses to Beneath the Totem Pole: Tlingit Culture in Alaska

  1. LB(cruiseshipblogger) April 27, 2011 at 5:34 am #

    Wrangell, that just looks so wrong. I’m sitting here thinking Abi, you spelled Wrangle wrong. Then I googled it. Holy ****** ****! I’m the one who spelled it wrong, on a blog I wrote ages ago.

    • Abi May 17, 2011 at 8:03 am #

      That’s hilarious! And you made me go and check one more time just to be sure ;)

  2. Terry@Overnight New York April 27, 2011 at 11:35 pm #

    I love the magnificent hall of objects from Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, including the Tlingits, in New York’s American Museum of Natural History. The objects — totem poles, carvings, tools, masks and clothes — were among the first acquired by the museum at the turn of the previous century during a study expedition of the region. Today the museum also maintains a registry of contemporary Northwestern Native American artists. While it’s great to be able to see these objects on view near my house, I’d love to see similar objects on site as you did!

    • Abi May 17, 2011 at 8:06 am #

      I’d highly recommend a visit to Chief Shakes’ House for that. I’ll have to remember to check out the Natural History museum the next time I’m in town…

  3. Bluegreen Kirk May 19, 2011 at 9:59 pm #

    its sad that some many cultures and traditions have been affected over the years through hopes of gaining wealth and power. I great to read that there are some culutres that have been able to survive.

    • Abi May 20, 2011 at 1:29 pm #

      Yes, it’s a shame and it happens the world over.

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