An Okavango Delta Safari in Botswana – Africa’s Greatest Wilderness?

By Abi King | Best Places to Visit in Africa

Oct 29

Okavango Delta Safari Botswana from the air

Without a shadow of a doubt, the Okavango Delta is one of the best places to visit in Africa and one of the best wildlife experiences in the world.

Unlike other safaris, the colours in this part of Botswana shimmer in deep blues and greens more than rust red and dust. And the safaris take place on mokoros on the water, instead of motor vehicles on the sand.

Here’s what it’s like to go on an Okavango Delta safari in Botswana.

An Okavango Delta Safari Botswana

Despite the stillness of the water, there’s no sound of silence. Insects skim across the reeds with a soft buzz and woodpeckers tap against acacia trees. Birds chatters in all directions – yet the loudest by far are the doves.

Chu charra, chu charra.

“Work harder, work harder,” says Rodger, slipping a pole into the delta and easing us forward.

“Drink lager, drink lager,” says another guide, Amos, illustrating a different point of view.

From where I’m sitting, level with the water in a slender mokoro, I hear something else. Botswana, Botswana, Botswana.

Related: 25 Photos that’ll make you want to visit Botswana and the Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta: The World’s Largest Delta

Eight hundred miles from the Atlantic and a thousand from the Indian Ocean, the Okavango Delta looks like a miniature version of the earth from the air, an expanded jigsaw of land swirls amid deep and spreading blue.  Its water seeps up through the soil, having landed as monsoon rain a thousand miles north in Angola. It’s long been protected, both by government intervention and because its soggy, swampy nature makes building roads here impossible.

To get this deep into the delta, we’ve flown from Maun in a four-seater Cessna, a tiny contraption  that trembled during the descent as though in awe of the expanse below. An elephant greeted us on the runway and warthogs scuttled past us in the camp.

View of the elephants from the air in the Okavango Delta Botswana

Conservation in Botswana on the Okavango Delta

Botswana takes its wildlife pretty seriously. Even on foot, guides can’t carry firearms for self-defence, only a gunpowder-laced contraption that resembles a syringe. When an elephant veers too close to the camp, a single empty gunshot rips through the vast sky.

Should an elephant charge, or a hippo rear up from the water, our survival depends on our behaviour, we are told. Stand still, stay quiet – and if told to run, try not to fall into an aardvark hole.

Not everyone is reassured.

“Why not take a gun with you?” asks one member of our camp. “If you killed something by accident, what’s the worst that could happen?”

“A lifetime in prison,” comes the reply.

There’s a rare moment of silence before we climb aboard.

 Okavango Delta Safari Botswana View from the Mokoro - Abigail King from @insidetravellab


The Peace of the Kigelia Trees on the Okavango Delta

Despite the danger, it’s hard to imagine a more peaceful mode of transport. A cross between a punt and a canoe, mokoros used to be the only way to travel around here. Previous generations hand-carved them from ebony and kigelia trees but had to wait for more than 100 years for the trunk to reach the right size. Since a wooden mokoro only has a five year lifespan, the arrival of a fibreglass version was greeted with about the same enthusiasm as the discovery of sliced bread.

Real life on the Okavango Delta in Botswana

The Biggest Danger in the Okavango Delta

Today, boats use small motors to churn along the main waterway to Maun, carrying people, food and beer. The mokoros, however, fashion their own way through the reed fields, the long grass spreading apart before them in a deferential rustle.

This off-piste navigation isn’t just for entertainment, though.

Related: Consider combining a trip to Botswana with a visit to neighbouring Namibia and visiting Dune 45 and Sossusvlei in the Oldest Desert in the world. 

“The only animal I fear,” says Rodger when I ask him, “is the hippopotamus. That is why we stay away from the main channel.”

“But,” I state the obvious. “We do need to cross it… eventually.”

Rodger sinks the pole into the delta again and water sloshes gently against the thin-walled mokoro.

“I look for bubbles,” he says slowly. He grins. “And I drive fast!”

Chu-charra, chu-charra.

The doves reach a crescendo as we glide past giraffe, baboons and impala, while Rodger keeps watch. My mind drifts to his interpretation of what the doves are saying.

Like the rhythm of the mokoro itself, his version soothes me.


Further Reading on an Okavango Delta Safari in Botswana

Arranging a mokoro safari in Botswana’s Okavango Delta

Interested in safaris? Think about how we can save endangered animals.

Many international flights to Botswana connect in South Africa, in particular Johannesburg, so don’t overlook this up and coming city with a huge legacy from Nelson Mandela.


Birds fly over the Okavango Delta


About the Author

Hi, I'm Abi, a doctor turned writer who's worked with Lonely Planet, the BBC, UNESCO and more. Let's travel more and think more.

  • Melvin says:

    What an experience… We had hippo bubbles beneath our boat & when my wife told the guide about it, he moved us quite quickly elsewhere. :)

  • Jodi H. says:

    Sounds fabulous! I’ll be there too in about 15 days!! So fun to read your blog as I’m starting to pack!

  • Vernon says:

    There is another significant contribution to the conservation of the Okavango. Like a number of Africa’s great conservation areas, the tsetse fly restricted the development of livestock farming in the Delta.

    I’ve visited the Okavango Delta on a number of occasions and my most scary incident with a hippo was a morning just before sunrise in a mokoro full of guests luggage. The delta had been really flooded that year, and a great deal of the normally dry land was covered by shallow water. We were moving the mokoro through a long stretch of this shallow water – hard work and slow going, when a large male hippo came from the other side. We froze and had a staring match with the hippo, who seemed huge as the water was so shallow that we looked up at him. Soon he got bored and left us alone, and very relieved!

  • Abi says:

    Jodi – Have a great time! And make sure you take safari-coloured clothes to cover burning sun in the afternoon and plenty of warm layers for the cold, cold nights…

    Vernon & Melvin – Sounds as though you had closer run-ins with hippos than I did. I suppose I should be relieved, but now that I’m safe and sound again…it would have been interesting to see one up close!

  • Vernon says:

    I’ve had a few, including working as a student conservator, catching hippos when you know you are making them angry. But that incident, with the hippo really looking down at us in the mokoro, was the most scary. It was the first time (out of a number of trips) that I had seen those camp guys from Botswana look a little shaken themselves.

    But I prefer to just see them at a distance. I have a great deal of respect for hippos.

  • Abi says:

    OK, I’ll be happy to stay at a distance!

  • Angela says:

    Beautiful post, you made me feel there. Not sure I could stand still and quiet if an elephant is charging though… :)

    • Abi says:

      I think you’re supposed to do a similar thing with bears…To cheer myself up, I kept in mind that I have a lot more experience of standing still and doing nothing than I do in sprinting ;)

  • You are such a great story-teller. I feel like I was there … without the risk of beaten trampled by an elephant.

  • Federico says:

    You’ve flown over the Okavango?? Now I am definitely jealous!

    • Abi says:

      One of the best experiences I’ve ever had. #lucky

  • Erica says:

    I dream of doing a safari one day!

    • Abi says:

      Botswana’s a great choice, then. You can do the “classic” road vehicle trips to see elephants, rhinos and cats and then hop in a mokoro and hope to see slightly smaller creatures ;)

  • rudy says:

    going on a safari in africa is a dream.. hope i’ll do this one day..

  • >